We've got new merch available for pre order at the Official Online Saxon store, including these Saxon Santa Warrior shirts & sweatshirt - you can pre order these. Die englische Band Saxon gehört zu den langjährigen Weggefährten von Motörhead. In den ern trat sie gemeinsam mit Bands wie Iron Maiden und Def. Vor Saxon existieren in South Yorkshire, England zwei Bands: SOB mit Gitarrist Graham Oliver und Basser Steve Dawson und Coast mit Sänger Biff Byford.
Saxon (Band)Saxon ist eine in Barnsley (Yorkshire, England) gegründete Heavy-Metal-Band. Als Vorreiter der New Wave of British Heavy Metal hatte sie Anfang der. Neu-Auflage des legendären Saxon Live-Albums von »The Eagle Has Landed«war Saxons erstes Live-Album und erschien Es wurde während der». Saxons selbstbetiteltes Debütalbum wurde ursprünglich am Mai veröffentlicht und kann wohl als das erste NWOBHM-Album bezeichnet werden.
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Overview of Charlemagne's reign, including his conquest of the Saxons. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Franks and Saxon s ravaged the coasts of northern Gaul and Britain, and for the next three centuries incursions by Germanic peoples were the scourge of the Western Empire.
Nevertheless, it was only with German help that the empire was able to survive as long as it did. His main achievement was to complete the new system of Saxon Shore forts around the southeastern coasts.
At first he sought recognition as coemperor, but this was refused. What can you do with a biological microscope? Learn More. Birdwatching What do you do now that summer is fast approaching and you are blessed with great weather outdoors?
An introduction to telescope designs Purchasing a new telescope can be an exciting experience filed with research and experimenting.
Classic Brass Telescopes. Refractor Telescopes. ED Refractor Telescopes. Reflector Telescopes. Dobsonian Telescopes.
Maksutov-Cassegrain Telescopes. AstroSeeker Series. Compact Binoculars. Standard Binoculars. The old Saxon system of Abgabengrundherrschaft , lordship based on dues and taxes, was replaced by a form of feudalism based on service and labour, personal relationships and oaths.
Saxon religious practices were closely related to their political practices. The annual councils of the entire tribe began with invocations of the gods.
The procedure by which dukes were elected in wartime, by drawing lots, is presumed to have had religious significance, i.
Charlemagne had one such pillar chopped down in close to the Eresburg stronghold. Early Saxon religious practices in Britain can be gleaned from place names and the Germanic calendar in use at that time.
There was a religious festival associated with the harvest, Halegmonath "holy month" or "month of offerings", September. They contained a Modra niht or "night of the mothers", another religious festival of unknown content.
The Saxon freemen and servile class remained faithful to their original beliefs long after their nominal conversion to Christianity.
Nursing a hatred of the upper class, which, with Frankish assistance, had marginalised them from political power, the lower classes the plebeium vulgus or cives were a problem for Christian authorities as late as The Translatio S.
Liborii remarks on their obstinacy in pagan ritus et superstitio usage and superstition. The conversion of the Saxons in England from their original Germanic religion to Christianity occurred in the early to late 7th century under the influence of the already converted Jutes of Kent.
In the s, Birinus became the "apostle to the West Saxons" and converted Wessex , whose first Christian king was Cynegils. The West Saxons begin to emerge from obscurity only with their conversion to Christianity and keeping written records.
The Gewisse , a West Saxon people, were especially resistant to Christianity; Birinus exercised more efforts against them and ultimately succeeded in conversion.
The South Saxons were first evangelised extensively under Anglian influence; Aethelwalh of Sussex was converted by Wulfhere , King of Mercia and allowed Wilfrid , Bishop of York , to evangelise his people beginning in The chief South Saxon bishopric was that of Selsey.
The East Saxons were more pagan than the southern or western Saxons; their territory had a superabundance of pagan sites. Its first bishop, Mellitus , was expelled by Saeberht's heirs.
The conversion of the East Saxons was completed under Cedd in the s and s. The continental Saxons were evangelised largely by English missionaries in the late 7th and early 8th centuries.
Around , two early English missionaries, Hewald the White and Hewald the Black , were martyred by the vicani , that is, villagers.
Saint Lebuin , an Englishman who between and preached to the Saxons, mainly in the eastern Netherlands, built a church and made many friends among the nobility.
Some of them rallied to save him from an angry mob at the annual council at Marklo near river Weser, Bremen. Social tensions arose between the Christianity-sympathetic noblemen and the pagan lower castes, who were staunchly faithful to their traditional religion.
Under Charlemagne, the Saxon Wars had as their chief object the conversion and integration of the Saxons into the Frankish empire. Though much of the highest caste converted readily, forced baptisms and forced tithing made enemies of the lower orders.
Even some contemporaries found the methods employed to win over the Saxons wanting, as this excerpt from a letter of Alcuin of York to his friend Meginfrid, written in , shows:.
If the light yoke and sweet burden of Christ were to be preached to the most obstinate people of the Saxons with as much determination as the payment of tithes has been exacted, or as the force of the legal decree has been applied for fault of the most trifling sort imaginable, perhaps they would not be averse to their baptismal vows.
Charlemagne's successor, Louis the Pious , reportedly treated the Saxons more as Alcuin would have wished, and as a consequence they were faithful subjects.
He celebrated the Frankish monarch as on par with the Roman emperors and as the bringer of Christian salvation to people.
References are made to periodic outbreaks of pagan worship, especially of Freya, among the Saxon peasantry as late as the 12th century.
In the 9th century, the Saxon nobility became vigorous supporters of monasticism and formed a bulwark of Christianity against the existing Slavic paganism to the east and the Nordic paganism of the Vikings to the north.
Much Christian literature was produced in the vernacular Old Saxon , the notable ones being a result of the literary output and wide influence of Saxon monasteries such as Fulda , Corvey and Verden ; and the theological controversy between the Augustinian , Gottschalk and Rabanus Maurus.
From an early date, Charlemagne and Louis the Pious supported Christian vernacular works in order to evangelise the Saxons more efficiently. The Heliand , a verse epic of the life of Christ in a Germanic setting, and Genesis , another epic retelling of the events of the first book of the Bible , were commissioned in the early 9th century by Louis to disseminate scriptural knowledge to the masses.
A council of Tours in and then a synod of Mainz in both declared that homilies ought to be preached in the vernacular. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Saxon disambiguation. Germanic tribes from the North German Plain. See also: Saxon shore.
See why. September See also: Continental Germanic mythology. The Oxford Classical Dictionary 4 ed.
Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 January Saxons, a Germanic tribe Buchberger, Erica; Loseby, Simon In Nicholson, Oliver ed.
The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity. With Elton John making guest appearances as pianist on 2 tracks, and Byford recording the bass parts, the album charted higher than its predecessor and was considered a success.
They hired bassist Paul Johnson to play for the band's European arena tour that followed. In , the band took time off from the constant touring and recording that had begun in the mid s, and only a minor tour of the U.
In early , Nigel Glockler left the band and was replaced by Nigel Durham. The band found it hard to attain chart success in America; the release of Destiny did not change this, and Saxon were later dropped by EMI.
In Paul Johnson was replaced by Nibbs Carter. At the time, Carter was only 22 and would later be credited for revitalising the band.
Nigel Glockler also decided to return to the band. The band eventually decided to embark on a European tour titled '10 Years of Denim and Leather' which proved to be a successful move as the band was re-established as a popular act.
In , they signed to Virgin Records and started work on their new album Solid Ball of Rock , which was released in and proved to be successful.
In , Saxon sustained this success with the release of Forever Free. The album was produced by Biff Byford and Herwig Ursin. A UK version of the album featured an alternate cover with a "Space Marine" from the Warhammer 40, tabletop wargame.
The song was written about and dedicated to Byford's father who worked in the coal mines of Yorkshire. During , Saxon recorded the album Dogs of War.
Shortly afterwards, Graham Oliver was fired by the band. Saxon recorded a new music video for Dogs of War. Unleash the Beast reached the top in the charts in Sweden, Germany and Switzerland.
After relentless touring, drummer Nigel Glockler took time off to recover from a neck and shoulder injury and was temporally replaced by Fritz Randow.
September saw the release of Metalhead. The album was praised in Germany where Saxon had begun to play the Wacken Open Air Festival, where they later became a regular fixture.
Saxon also headlined the first Bloodstock Festival in the UK. Saxon also released the album Killing Ground during the same year. In , Saxon released Heavy Metal Thunder , a compilation album featuring re-recorded versions of songs from the band's biggest selling albums.
They then maintained that they had exclusive rights to the name and tried to prevent Biff Byford and Saxon's promoters and merchandisers from using the name.
Byford applied to the Trade Mark Registry to have the trade mark declared invalid. He applied on the basis that the registration had been obtained in bad faith and that he was entitled to prevent use of the trade mark by bringing an action for 'passing off', that is an action to stop others misrepresenting themselves as Saxon.
In , the High Court declared that it was Byford and the current members of the band who owned the name, and were therefore in a position to prevent Oliver and Dawson passing themselves off as Saxon.
Fritz Randow left the band in His replacement was former Stratovarius member Jörg Michael. The album title was inspired from Richard Lionheart , King of England.
The album received positive reviews and the title track remains a fan favorite. In , the band released the live album, The Eagle Has Landed — part 3.
Just before the band were due to play Dubai's Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing had withdrawn the band's permission to play the festival.
It was rumored that the historical lyrics in Crusader were the reason for this. As part of his programme, Goldsmith wanted to try and restore their popularity and reputation.
He drafted in two new producers to oversee the production of a new single "If I Was You" a song about gun culture , which went to number one in the Rock Charts in over 10 countries becoming their most successful single for over 12 years.